Myanmar and the underlying cause of terrorism
In Myanmar, the rise of the movement called 969 has emerged. Is this a terrorist organization or merely the rise of nationalism? What strategies could be implemented nationally and internationally to deal with civil unrest and prevent rising hatred and distrust?
Myanmar has had a history plagued with violence, censorship and corruption. The rise of the Buddhist nationalist group the 969 movement has only added to recent civil unrest. The group has been condemned by some as a Buddhist terrorist organisation for inciting violence and opposing Islam (Beech, 2013, July 1). However, it has not been listed on any government websites as one. This brings us to the question, what classifies as non-state terrorism. Is it merely the presence of violence, intimidation and religion? Or is there more?
The essay will address this topic by identifying and outlining what terrorism is, and what the characteristics of a terrorist organisation are. Furthermore, the history and motives of the 969 movement will be explored. In order to identify if it meets the criteria to be considered a terrorist organisation. I will further go on to discuss possible strategies that could be implemented both nationally and internationally to deal with radicalisation and rising hatred and distrust within communities. To provide the required insight needed to undertake this task, I have drawn on frameworks from Alex Schmid‘s four “arenas of discourse” (Weinberg, Pedahzur, Hirsch-Hoefler, 2004, p.79) on terrorism to understand its complexity. Continue reading The Challenge of Modern Terrorism